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Hand Washing 101 - How Safe Are You?
1. When should you clean your hands?
A. When entering and leaving patient's rooms
B. After using the restroom
C. Before and after preparing food
D. All of the above
Answer: (D) Clean hands are your best protection against infection. Also clean your hands before you eat and after changing diapers and touching animals and pets.
2. How long should it take to wash your hands with soap and water, or sanitize your hands when using a waterless hand product?
A. 5 seconds
B. 10 seconds
C. 15 seconds or longer
Answer: (C) After applying soap and warm running water, rub your hands together vigorously for 15 seconds or longer. Get in between fingers and scrub wrist areas. Friction is necessary to rid your hands of germs. Rinse your hands an dry them.
Use a clean paper towel to turn off the water faucet. Discard the paper towel in a trash can.
Waterless hand sanitizers are very effective for preventing the spread of infection - if you use enough to cover your hands and wrists well. After applying the sanitizer, it should take about 15 seconds to rub your hands dry.
3. If you want to visit someone in the hospital and you don't feel well, it's best to:
A. Stay at least 3 feet away from the patient
B. Stay home
C. Wear gloves
Answer: (B) Patients are usually weak and more susceptible to infection. It's always best to stay home if you're not feeling well. If you must visit, talk to the patient's nurse before entering the room and explain your situation. Protective garb, such as a mask, may be required.
4. Before you cough or sneeze you should
A. Turn away from other people
B. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue, or cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve
C. Both A & B
Answer: (C) Always turn away from other people. And if you don't have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your upper arm - not your hands. Drop used tissues into the trash and then clean your hands.
5. How long can cold or flu germs live on countertops, doorknobs and other hard surfaces?
A. Less than 5 minutes
B. 24 hours
C. 72 hours
Answer: (C) Some germs can live three days or longer on hard surfaces. That's why it's so important to disinfect surfaces like countertops sinks, phones and TV remotes often. Products labeled "disinfectants," such as sprays and wipes, are designed to kill a broad spectrum of harmful bacteria (including Staph and Salmonella) and viruses (like the flu) that other cleaners cannot. Follow the directions on your disinfectant's label to maximize results.
6. What is the percentage of contagious disease spread through touch?
Answer: (A) That's why it's so important to clean hard surfaces often with disinfectants that can help prevent the spread of germs. Be sure to clean your hands, too!
Information provided by APIC (Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology) and Clorox